If we can’t see the ethical stakes (+ power relations) in digital archives we are going to do violence.

Do better.

Born of frustration and still very much a work in progress (gotta get the kids to school)…I have much more to include and I welcome your suggestions via twitter @profwernimont #justDigitalArchives or my ASU .edu email. 


#Archivessowhite Introduction and Bibliography, Issues and Advocacy Research Posts https://issuesandadvocacy.wordpress.com/2016/04/18/archivessowhite-intro-bibliography/

Hannah Alpert-Abrams, “Machine Reading the Primeros LibrosDigital Humanities Quarterly 10.4 (2016) http://www.digitalhumanities.org/dhq/vol/10/4/000268/000268.html

Jane E. Anderson, Law, Knowledge, Culture: The Production of Indigenous Knowledge in Intellectual Property Law. Edward Elgar Press: Cheltenham, United Kingdom. 2009

— ‘‘Chuck a Copyright on it’: Dilemmas of Digital Return and the Possibilities for Traditional Knowledge Licenses and Labels’. With Kim Christen. Museum Anthropology Review 7, (1-2) Spring-Fall 2013; pp 105-126.

— ‘Anxieties of Authorship in Colonial Archives’ in Media Authorship C. Chris and D. Gerstner (ed), New York: Routledge Press. 2013.

— ‘Options for the Future Protection of GRTKTCES: The Traditional Knowledge License and Labels Initiative’. Journal of the World Intellectual Property Organization 4(1); pp 73-82. 2012.

— ‘On Resolution | Intellectual Property and Indigenous Knowledge Disputes | Prologue’. Landscapes of Violence, 2(1), Art 4. 2012.

— ‘Intellectual Property and Safeguarding of Traditional Cultures: Legal Issues and Practical Options for Museums, Libraries and Archives’ Heritage and Society 4(2); pp 253-260. 2012.

— ‘Intellectual Property Issues in Heritage Management Part Two: Legal Dimensions, Ethical Considerations, and Collaborative Research Practices’ With George Nicholas, John Welch, Joe Watkins, Rosemary Coombe, Catherine Bell, Brain Noble and Kelly Banister. 2010.

— ‘(Colonial) Archives and (Copyright) Law’ Nomorepotlucks 1(4), July [http://nomorepotlucks.org/site/colonial-archives-and-copyright-law/] 2009.

— ‘The Politics of Global Information Sharing’ With Kathy Bowrey. Social and Legal Studies 18(4); pp 479-504. 2009.

— ‘Intellectual Property Issues in Heritage Management Part One: Challenges and Opportunities Relating to Appropriation, Information Access, Bioarchaeology and Cultural Tourism’ With George Nicholas, Catherine Bell, Kelly Bannister, Sven Ouzman. Heritage Management 2(2) Fall; pp 261-286. 2009.

— ‘The Imaginary Politics of Access to Knowledge: Whose Cultural Agenda’s are Being Advanced?’ With Kathy Bowrey. Australasian Intellectual Property Law Resources 13. 2006.

— ‘The Politics of Indigenous Knowledge: Australia’s Proposed Communal Moral Rights Bill’ University of New South Wales Law Journal 27(3); pp 585-605. 2004.

Moya Bailey. “#transform(ing)DH Writing and Research: An Autoethnography of Digital Humanities and Feminist Ethics,” Digital Humanities Quarterly, 2015 9.2.

Greg Bradsher, “Turning History into Justice: The National Archives and Records Administration and Holocaust-Era Assets, 1996-2001” https://www.archives.gov/research/holocaust/articles-and-papers/turning-history-into-justice.html

Michelle Caswell, M Cifor, and MH Ramirez. ‘To suddenly discover yourself existing’: uncovering the affective impact of community archives. American Archivist 79(1) 2016.

Michelle Caswell. “Teaching to Dismantle White Supremacy in Archives” Library Quarterly: Information, Community, Policy, vol. 87, no. 3, pp. 222–235. 2017.

— Khmer Rouge archives: accountability, truth, and memory in Cambodia. Archival Science 10(1): 25-44. 2010.

— Rethinking inalienability: trusting nongovernmental archives in transitional societies. American Archivist 76(1): 113-134. 2013. At http://americanarchivist.org/doi/pdf/10.17723/aarc.76.1.p2260065lj714657.

Select readings from the Human Rights special issue of Archival Science
Caswell M (2014) Defining human rights archives: introduction to the special double issue on archives and human rights

Caswell M (2014) Towards a survivor-centered approach to records documenting human rights abuse: lessons from community archives

Halilovich H (2014) Reclaiming erased lives: archives, records, and memories in post-war Bosnia and the Bosnian diaspora

Kaye D (2014) Archiving justice: conceptualizing the archives of the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia

Robinson G (2014) Break the rules, save the records: human rights archives and the search for justice in East Timor

Reports of the Mandela Dialogues on Memory Work 1

Kimberly Christen (Withey) “On Not Looking: Economies of Visuality in Digital Museums,” in The International Handbooks of Museum Studies: Museum Transformations, First Edition. Edited by Annie E. Coombes and Ruth B. Phillips. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Oxford Press, 2015, 365-386.

— “Sovereignty, Repatriation, and the Archival Imagination.” Collections: A Journal for Museum and Archives Professionals, Spring 2015, vol 11 (2):115-138.

— “Tribal Archives, Traditional Knowledge, and Local Contexts: Why the “s” Matters.” Journal of Western Archives. 2015, Vol. 6, Issue. 1, Article 3.

— “A Safe Keeping Place: Mukurtu CMS Innovating Museum Collaborations,” in Museum Innovations: Museums Collections Management, edited by Juilee Drucker. Rowman & Littlefield, 2015, 61-68.

— “Does Information Really Want to be Free? Indigenous Knowledge Systems and the Question of Openness.” International Journal of Communication. 2012, Volume 6, 2870-2893. (http://ijoc.org/ojs/index.php/ijoc/article/view/1618)

— “Opening Archives: Respectful Repatriation.” American Archivist. Volume 74, Spring/Summer 2011, 185-210.

— “Access and Accountability: The Ecology of Information Sharing in the Digital Age.” Anthropology News, “Visual Ethics.” April 2009, 4-5.

— “Archival Challenges and Digital Solutions in Aboriginal Australia.” SAA Archaeological Record. August 2008, Vol 8, No 2, 21-24.

— Anthropology in/of Circulation: the Future of Open Access and Scholarly Societies. Cultural Anthropology. August 2008, Vol 23, No 3, 559-588.

Richard Cox and David A. Wallace Archives and the Public Good 2002

Ellen Cushman.”Wampum, Sequoyan, and Story: Decolonizing the Digital Archive” College English, Volume 76, Number 2, November 2013. http://www.ncte.org/library/NCTEFiles/Resources/Journals/CE/0762-nov2013/CE0762Wampum.pdf

Dominique Daniel and Amalia S. Levi (eds), Identity Palimpsests: archiving ethnicity in the U.S. and Canada. Sacramento, Litwin Books (2014).


Jarrett M. Drake. The Urgency and Agency of #OccupyNassau: Actively Archiving Anti-Racism at Princeton,” In Using Social Media to Build Library Communities: A LITA Guide, ed. Young, S. and Rossmann, D. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2017.

— “Power to the People: Documenting Police Violence in Cleveland,” Journal of Critical Library and Information Studies 1 (2) 2017. Co-authored with Stacie M. Williams. Available at: http://libraryjuicepress.com/journals/index.php/jclis/article/view/33.

— “From Cape Town to Chicago to Colombo and Back Again: Towards a Liberation Theology for Memory Work,” Nelson Mandela Foundation. Co-authored with Doria D. Johnson and Michelle Caswell. Available at: https://www.nelsonmandela.org/uploads/files/Reflection_-_Liberation_Theology_for_Memory_Work_-_Doria_D._Johnson__Jarrett_M._Drake__Michelle_Caswell.pdf.

— “Off the Record: The Production of Evidence in 19th Century New Jersey,” New Jersey Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 1 (1) 2015. p. 104-125. Available at: http://njs.libraries.rutgers.edu/index.php/njs/article/view/16.

— “Insurgent Citizens: The Manufacture of Police Records in Post-Katrina New Orleans and its Implications for Human Rights,” Archival Science 14 (3-4) 2014. p. 365-380.

— “Documenting Detention: Records of Segregation in Two U.S. Prisons,” Proceedings of the 2013 SAA Research Forum, September 2014. Available at: http://files.archivists.org/pubs/proceedings/ResearchForum/2013/Drake-ResearchForumPaper2013.pdf.

— Review of Import of the Archive: U.S. Colonial Rule of the Philippines and the Making of American Archival History. American Archivist, 77(2) 2014. p. 569-572. Available at: http://americanarchivist.org/doi/pdf/10.17723/aarc.77.2.f0380043r5480186.

— “How Libraries Can Trump the Trend to Make America Hate Again.” Invited speaker on the featured panel “Never Neutral: Ethics and Digital Collections” at the annual conference of the British Columbia Library Association. Full-text at: https://medium.com/on-archivy/how-libraries-can-trump-the-trend-to-make-america-hate-again-8a4170df1906.

— Documenting Dissent in the Contemporary College Archive: Finding our Function within the Liberal Arts.” Invited keynote speaker at the Liberal Arts Colleges Preconference of the Digital Library Federation. Full-text at: https://medium.com/on-archivy/documenting-dissent-liberal-arts-e1c69e574ff8.

— “Liberatory Archives: Towards Belonging and Believing.” Invited keynote speaker at the first of four community archives forums (“Definition, Commonalities and Divergences: What are Community Archives?”) sponsored by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation’s grant Diversifying the Digital Historical Record. Full-text at: https://medium.com/on-archivy/liberatory-archives-towards-belonging-and-believing-part-1-d26aaeb0edd1.

— “Expanding #ArchivesForBlackLives to Traditional Archival Repositories.” Invited panelist for the Rare Books & Manuscripts Section (RBMS) program at the 2016 American Library Association Annual Conference. Full-text at: https://medium.com/on-archivy/expanding-archivesforblacklives-to-traditional-archival-repositories-b88641e2daf6

— “RadTech Meets RadArch: Towards A New Principle for Archives and Archival Description.” Invited panel speaker at the 2016 Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study Workshop on Technology and Archival Processing. Full-text available at: https://medium.com/on-archivy/radtech-meets-radarch-towards-a-new-principle-for-archives-and-archival-description-568f133e4325

Gabrielle Foreman with Jim Casey and Sarah Patterson (eds). Colored Conventions in the Nineteenth Century and the Digital Age. forthcoming

Alexis Pauline Gumbs. “Seek the Roots: An Immersive and Interactive Archive of Black Feminist Practice.” Feminist Collections 32, no. 1 (2011): 17–20.

Anne J. Gilliand and Michelle Caswell “Records and their Imaginaries” Archival Science (2015)

David Golumbia “Postcolonial Studies, Digital Humanities, and the Politics of Language” (2013) http://www.uncomputing.org/?p=241

Hurley, Records and the Public Interest: The “Heiner Affair” in Queensland, Australia

Jessica Marie Johnson and Kismet Nuñez. “Alter Egos and Infinite Literacies, Part Iii: How to Build a Real Gyrl in 3 Easy Steps.” The Black Scholar 45, no. 4 (2015): 47–61.

Jessica Marie Johnson: Melissa Dinsman interviews Jessica Marie Johnson. “The Digital in the Humanities: An Interview with Jessica Marie Johnson.” Los Angeles Review of Books. Accessed September 21, 2016. .

— “Thinking About the ‘X.’” Blog. African American Intellectual History Society Blog, December 12, 2015. .

— “‘We Need Your Freedom’: An Interview with Alexis Pauline Gumbs – AAIHS.” Black Perspectives, December 13, 2016. .

Analú López “#ArchivesSoWhite: Preparing for the Field” (2016) http://sixtyinchesfromcenter.org/archivessowhite-preparing-for-the-field/

Chris Kelleher, T-Kay Sangwand, Kevin Wood, Yves Kamuronsi. “The Human Rights Documentation Initiative at the University of Texas Archives”   New Review of Information Networking Vol. 15 , Iss. 2, 2010.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13614576.2010.528342

David J. Kim and Jacqueline Wernimont. “Performing Archive: Identity, Participation, and Responsibility in the Ethnic Archive,” Archive Journal, Special Issue “Publishing the Archive,” Winter 2013.

Eric Ketelaar. “Archives of the People, By the People, for the People” The American Archivist, Vol. 70, No. 2 (Fall – Winter, 2007), pp. 387-400

Shane Landrum. “Historians’ ethics, women’s history, and the infinite archive.” Cliotropic. 2009 Available at: http://cliotropic.org/blog/2009/10/historians-ethics-womens-history-and-the-infinite-archive/

Michelle Moravec. “What would you do? Historians’ ethics and digitized archives” (2016) https://medium.com/on-archivy/on-april-at-the-organization-of-american-historians-i-participated-in-a-roundtable-discussion-563213dc94a

V. Natarajan and H Mermelstein. “Knowledge, access, and resistance: A conversation on librarians and archivists to Palestine.” in Morrone M (ed.) Informed Agitation: Library and Information Skills in Social Justice Movements and Beyond. Sacramento: Library Juice Press, pp. 247-258. 2014.

Kent Norsworthy, and T-Kay Sangwand. “From Custody to Collaboration: The Post-Custodial Archival Model at the University of Texas (2013) Libraries” http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/66973

J Osorio. “Proof of a life lived: the plight of the braceros and what it says about how we treat records.” Archival Issues 29(2): 95-103. 2005 At https://minds.wisconsin.edu/handle/1793/45892.

Marisa Parham. “Black Haunts in the Anthropocene.” Black Haunts in the Anthropocene. Accessed December 12, 2016. .

Ricky Punzalan, “Cultural Diversity and Post-Colonial Realities: Challenges of Archival Training in the Philippines.” Archives and Manuscripts 33, no. 1 (May 2005), 289–293.

— “Archival Diasporas: A Framework for Understanding the Complexities and Challenges of Dispersed Photographic Collections.” American Archivist 77, no. 2 (fall/winter 2014).

Mario Ramirez. “Being Assumed Not to Be: A Critique of Whiteness as an Archival Imperative,” The American Archivist: 78 (Fall/Winter, 2015): 2–18. 2.

Roopika Risam “Other Worlds, Other DHs.” Digital Scholarship in the Humanities. (forthcoming 2017)

–“Decolonizing the Digital Humanities.” Routledge Companion to New Media and Digital Humanities. Ed. Jentery Sayers. NY: Routledge. (forthcoming 2017)

–“Breaking and Building: The Case of Postcolonial Digital Humanities.” The Postcolonial World. Eds. Jyotsna G. Singh and David D. Kim. NY: Routledge, 2017. 345-362.

–“Diasporizing the Digital Humanities: Displacing the Center and Periphery.” International Journal of E-Politics 7.3 (2016): 65-78.

–“Navigating the Global Digital Humanities: Insights from Black Feminism.” Debates in Digital Humanities 2016. Eds. Matthew K. Gold and Lauren F. Klein. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2016. 359-367.

— “Revising History and Re-authouring the Left in the Postcolonial Digital Archive.” Left History 18.2 (Fall/Winter 2015): 35-46.

A Royer. “Warming up records: archives, memory, power and index of the disappeared.” Interactions 6(1): 1-11. At http://escholarship.org/uc/item/5j76z82c.

Ivy Schweitzer, “Native Sovereignty and the Archive: Samson Occom and Digital Humanities” in Resources for American Literary Study, vol. 38, 2015: 21-52.

Siobhan Senier. “Decolonizing the Archive: Digitizing Native Literature with Students and Tribal Communities” Resilience: A Journal of the Environmental Humanities Vol. 1, No. 3 (Fall 2014).

Amardeep Singh. “The Archive Gap: Race, Canon, and the Digital Humanities” 2015 http://www.electrostani.com/2015/09/the-archive-gap-race-canon-and-digital.html

Linda Tuhiwai Smith Decolonizing Methodologies

A Strauss. “Treading the ground of contested memory: archivists and the human rights movement in Chile.” Archival Science 15(4): 369-397. 2014.

Tywanna Whorley. “The Tuskegee Syphilis Study and the Politics of Memory” in Archives and the Public Good, Cox and Wallace 2002

KM Wisser and JA Blanco-Rivera. “Surveillance, documentation and privacy: an international comparative analysis of state intelligence records.” Archival Science 16(2): 125-147. 2015.


Women Who Rock

Chicana Por Mi Raza

The Caribbean Memory Project

Radical Archives

see also videos here http://pad.ma/DYO/info

Dawnland Voices